Nevada Rock Art Geocaching Historical Markers

Historical Marker #35

Located at North Las Vegas Boulevard at Washington Street.

Las Vegas Mormon
Fort and Rancho
(Nevada's Oldest Building)

At this location Las Vegas had its beginning on June 14, 1855, when 30 Mormon missionaries arrived from Utah. They built a 150-foot square adobe fort enclosing eight two-story houses, cultivated small gardens and fields, planted fruit and shade trees, and established friendly relations with the Paiutes.

After the Mormons departed in 1858, Octavius Decatur Gass developed Las Vegas Rancho, using the adobe structures as headquarters. He farmed 800 acres, supplying produce to miners and travelers.

Mrs. Helen J. Stewart, owner of the property from 1882 to 1903, expanded the ranch to 1,800 acres, which she sold to the San Pedro, Los Angeles & Salt Lake Railroad Company as the Las Vegas townsite, auctioned on May 15, 1905, starting contemporary Las Vegas.

One of the Fort houses remains as a monument to the 1855 pioneers.

Notes on this marker:

I'm not sure if this is the right marker, but the Ranger at the Fort was the RUDEST person I've ever met. :-|

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